Object Design – Week 4

In the final week of my Object Design module I wanted to experiment further with the designing of trees from wire. The previous method I used created quite an interesting result but I felt that I could take the concept a little bit further. For the second time around I used twice as much wire, a longer length of wire (70cm), changed the thickness to .55mm and half of the wires were green, half were silver.

The idea behind this was that the different elements would hopefully come through in the end and the result would be a different tree. The steps that I used were all in all very similar to the first. The only difference was this time after looping the wire around my fingers I then twisted it 7 times to establish a longer tree trunk.

The end result as you can see came out as a much thinner tree with a completely different style to the branches than the previous one. The inclusion of the two colours is really interesting to see how it comes through the twisting process along the branches.

Over the course of this project I have learnt a lot about wire twisting and the possibilities of what can be created with different techniques and different materials. It is a much more interesting skill than I ever anticipated and I have taken a lot from it already. The object design module has helped me to approach this project from angles that I would never have originally begun with. As a graphic design major a lot of the work that I do is on computers and it’s not often that I take on projects with my hands but the experimentation and the success of my results has left me with a new skill set to work on and a new outlook on my crafting ability.


Object Design – Week 3

In the third week of my time spent in the ‘Object Design’ module I began to look for more challenging experimentations I could undergo with wire twisting and the lengths to which I could take my ability. I came across a designer and artist named Clive Maddison , Clive creates models of trees in all styles (see examples below).

With inspiration firmly in tow I ventured down another YouTube rabbit hole in search of techniques on how to do this with a pair of pliers and a few metres of .9mm wire. The technique I found just needed a lot of lengths of wire around the same length and strong fingers. I collected 75 pieces of around 50cm length and began a simple yet time consuming process of sculpting the bundle into something resembling a sapling. Keeping in mind at this point that I had only read about this process 1hr beforehand I was off to a flying start.

In a simple summary the steps involved in crafting a tree are so:

  1. Wrap all of the lengths of wire around three fingers at the centre.
  2. Twist the two strands around each other 2 times.
  3. Separate both bundles into halves.
  4. Connect opposing bundles and twist over each other two times
  5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 on all lengths of the wire until left with single strands.
  6. For root system separate bundle into desired number of segments.
  7. Separate each segment twist twice
  8. Half segment and repeat step 7 until left with single strands.
  9. Sterilise all cuts to hands and fingers received from being stabbed by the wire.

All in all the process took me around 6 and a half hours, 3 coffees, and 6 Band-Aids to complete, the end product as you can see below somewhat resembles a gnarled and leafless oak. I can picture the very tree on a windy and desolate hill battling it out against time and the elements. The process is very satisfying and the end product is really quite unique, it’s easy to see that changing a few elements in the creative process would entail a completely different tree at the end of it all. A factor I have already begun exploring, follow along on the next blog post to hear more.

Object Design – Week 2

This week I took apart my object, that is the handmade dumpling strainer, and began examining the wire twisting and seeing if and how I could possibly emulate it. I then took to the ever faithful google sphere to do a little bit of research on wire twisting and different techniques. Hoping that I could find some possible to learn to do in a short period of time with a limited amount of resources and materials at my disposal.

It is from here that I stumbled upon various different jewellery and decorative pieces all made from a combination of different wire twisting techniques. Most of the pieces involved artistry, decoration, utensils and a combination of all that I could not replicate. What I did see though was beginner’s guides and a collection of mundane elements (the wire) transformed into something beautiful and unique. I looked at rings and thought why not just jump straight in and experiment with creating a ring straight away. I opened the beginner’s guides, the most simple of which involves a repetitive and simple pattern:

  1. Get two lengths of reasonably thick wire and secure them a set distance away from each other. (I used a 1.25mm thick wire)
  2. Get one continuous length of thinner, more malleable wire (I used .9mm thick)
  3. Secure the wire around one of the thicker lengths by wrapping it in tight loops 7 times.
  4. Transfer the wire to the other piece of thicker wire.
  5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until at the top of the thicker wire.
  6. Cut off excess
  7. Wrap around finger or some other round object in desired shape.
    (Note Accessories and ornaments can be added to the ends if desired)

Here you see my first result. The process was very interesting and much simpler than I imagined. I will attempt to extend what I am capable of with different wire twisting techniques and objects.

Object Design – Week 1

This week we were introduced to our current module “object design” run by lecturer Trent Jansen. In our first week we were walked through the process of “redesigning the mundane”, the basis of which involves the taking of inspiration from some mundane or seemingly irrelevant aspect of an object and from that recreating an original work that is intrinsically linked to the aspect.

With this in mind we were then walked through our local Salvo’s second hand store to search for any object from which we would take an element from and re-design into our project. I was one of the first ones into the store and luckily had the pick of the bunch before all of the “good objects” were gone. I managed to pick up a seemingly hand-made dumpling strainer ladle.

The piece as you can see involves some intricate tricks and forms that make up an epicentre that is somewhat folded over itself to create tension. It then involves basic wire twist techniques to fill out the rest of the space. The bowl (for lack thereof another term) was then attached to a thin piece of wood in order to create a fully functional object.

Looking at the piece it came to my attention that I knew nothing at all about wire twisting and the techniques involved in creating objects like it. So for my project in this module I will be experimenting with the taken element of wire twisting and creating as many objects as possible with varying techniques.


Daniel Ward.

Research Report Reflection

The Concussion Epidemic

Over the last few months I have been researching into the instances of concussion within the sports of rugby union and rugby league. Rugby is a sport that is very close to home for me, I have been playing it myself for nigh on 17 years now. Through this came a passion about the research and the topic that I have chosen and I hope that it can be translated through my work.

Concussion in sport is a major issue that is becoming more and more pressing to the public eye. Due to this fact there has, in the last few years, been major developments in the field of studying concussions in sport and the immediate and long term effects. As such there were plenty of other reports and researches into the levels of incidence and the treatment of concussion. The issue that I faced with this is that there was so much content that contradicted other studies and reports. As such the approach that I took intofinding out which information was correct and which was not was to dig deeper into the sources and specifics of the data I was looking at. A lot of the time I found that the data and numbers that were given to me were in fact derived from minor studies of one team or over a short period. Even though the information was given in a way that portrayed it as an all-encompassing statistic I could not use these in my report so as to not portray false information myself.  This correlates with section 4.5 in the ‘The Australian Code for Responsible Conduct of Research’ that states “Researchers must take all reasonable steps to ensure that their findings are accurate and properly reported. If they become aware of misleading or inaccurate statements about their work, they must correct the record as soon as possible.” (ARC 2007).

My communication strategy had to take in the fact that a lot of what I was reporting would have to be written and could not as simply use infographics that depict a lot of information in an easy to read and easy to absorb manner. As such when I could do so I tried to use infographics or at least to spread out the data and use soft edges to make the information seem slightly more isolated than if I had just listed off each data set. I have done this in sections so as to try separate big blocks of writing with easier to disseminate information followed by what the numbers and data actually mean. Hopefully this is successfully done but it is hard to tell when the data that I am reporting on is so ingrained in my brain now that it makes sense to me from a glance, this might not be the case for other readers who have little knowledge about the topic.

Due to the nature of my research task it minimalised the importance somewhat of the independent research I did through online surveys. That is not to say that the surveys were useless and didn’t help me, rather the opposite. I used about half of the information that I gathered from my research participants, who I engaged with on online mediums and in person, and put that information directly into the report. The other half of the information I used so as to help me understand the people that I was questioning and seeing if any factors such as previous sport involvement affected their answers specifically. This was all to further put into perspective the information and data that I was dealing with and to help me explain a possible answer to if things went wrong. I also wanted to gain insight as to the possibility that the information I was giving in the survey was too specific and therefore creating a bias amongst the responses. Luckily this was not the case and my results were not affected by my positioning.

Over the course of my study into concussions in rugby I have come to learn a lot about the implications of the injury, the effect that they have had on the games and the effect that they have had on the community to name a few. Most importantly though is that it has affected my standpoint and my understanding of the matter dramatically, I will now go into all my further games and not take lightly that which is a serious injury with extreme consequences in the future, I will also bring my knowledge and attention ato other players in my teams.

Next time if I did the same project I would begin by singling out one specific sport rather than 2 as it affects the results with crossover data and assumptions. I would also spend more time with the sports governing bodies if possible and get a different approach on it all.

The full pdf of my report can be found here →  Research Report


  • Australian Research Council 2007, The Australian Code for Responsible Conduct of Research, Australian Research Council, Canberra



Participant Information Sheet – Concussion Survey


Purpose of Study:

The purpose of the entire study in which you are being asked to participate in is to attempt to assess the scope of head trauma and concussion injuries within rugby league and rugby union. Separate research is going in to data and statistics but you are being asked to participate today so as to attempt to gather the opinions and feelings of the general public upon the matter that is head trauma in rugby, and of the game itself.

Participation and Withdrawal:

If you agree to participate in this study it is of your own free will and as such you are free to withdraw from it at any time without repercussion or penalty.

What it Involves:

The study involves the collection and understanding of different data sets and statistics. Often though on paper these data sets make sense but are not transferrable to real life interpretation and understanding. The public perception of head trauma in rugby cannot be deemed by just looking at the statistics and as such this study will involve questions that determine the level of understanding about the games, experience in the games and with concussion, attitudes towards the games and also will involve giving the reader small bits of information on the concussion epidemic.


The purpose of this study is to gather information and should in no way cause any physical or mental discomfort. If it is so that any part of the study be invasive or offensive to you, you are well within all rights to omit answering the question or participating any further in that part of the study.


All data is collected and organised by Daniel Ward for the purpose of this study alone, the information you have given will not be transferred onto any secondary parties and if you so wish for your involvement to stay unknown that is perfectly acceptable and will be complied with.

About the Researcher

If you wish to get into contact before or after the study or if you would like to follow up on the progress you can email the main researcher Daniel Ward at djw087@uowmail.edu.au or get in contact with him by calling 0426364434. Daniel is very close and connected to rugby and is in his 17th year of playing and as such has a big connection to the outcome of this research so thank you for your help.

The Concussion Epidemic – Research Proposal

Rugby union and rugby league are two are popular full contact sports, both are played all over the world and both sports have some of the highest rates of concussion in full contact sports. Not only concussion but dangerous tackling techniques and other factors lead to a large number of players suffering from spinal injuries, oftentimes spinal injury is coupled with concussion or other head injuries as well. In my proposed research project I am aiming to find; What is the scope of concussion and spinal injuries in rugby league and rugby union and what are, if any, the repercussions of the injuries to the sport and the community?

The preliminary reading I have done is in ‘A systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Concussion in Rugby Union’ (Gardner et al., 2014), this reading is a meta-analysis so the authors gathered and reviewed all articles published in English up to May 2014 via numerous online sources. The outcome was a total of 96 articles of which a 37 were separate studies on concussion in rugby union. The authors then compiled all of the information and were able to ascertain the incidence of concussion per 1,000 hours of play in men’s and women’s rugby-15’s, during training and in men’s rugby-7’s. The study also compiles the variances in instances of concussion across different levels of play from elite to schoolboy to community and sub-elite levels, and it takes into account position of play as well. This along with other readings I have already compiled show me that there is already a wealth of information out there on the types of injuries I am interested in and their involvement in rugby.

What I intend to do with this is gather and compile as much data on the subject as I can and couple this with any first hand stories that I can find. I will then try my best to simplify the statistics into a short, readable and understandable manner and then use this to inform small focus groups and surveys. I will then compile a list of questions in order to get an understanding of the community’s reactions and thoughts on it. Alongside this I will also continue to gather resources that are related to the repercussions on the sport via both first hand questioning of those involved in the sport and through external sources.

I also plan on running small focus groups with targeted questioning in order to garner any effects on the community, after informing them of some information about concussion in rugby and steps to be taken to prevent and help the situation, the lines of questioning will then follow towards if the information has altered their perceptions on the sport in any way, and if so in a good or bad way. I must make sure that in order to retrieve the most accurate data and responses I must keep my information, questions and even tone of voice at a neutral level. Due to the sheer number of statistics and facts that are put out on concussions and spinal chord injuries, I will already be on the backfoot in the manner of trying to be neutral. In order to counteract this I will need to put positive procedures and innovations being used by the Australian Rugby Union and League to make the game. An example of what I could use is with the new Samsung creation ‘Brainband’, the brainband is a headband that a player wears that records, monitors and alerts officials to dangerous levels if impact on the head.

The nature of this project will require many weeks of research and gathering of information, then then turning the information into appropriate questions, I will need to be careful how I word the questions and the criteria that I give them in order to keep my social responsibility in check. Using sites such as survey monkey and social media will make the next part of the operation much smoother, but I will have to plan my focus groups as early as possible in order to match them up with people’s availabilities and to not run out of time. Hopefully by the end of this project I will have gathered enough information to truly understand what effects that concussion and spinal injuries due to rugby union and league have on the wider community and the sport itself.


  • Gardner, A., Iverson, G., Williams, W., Baker, S. and Stanwell, P. (2014). A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Concussion in Rugby Union. Sports Med, 44(12), pp.1717-1731.
  • Browne, G. (2006). Cervical spinal injury in children’s community rugby football. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(1), pp.68-71.
  • Quarrie, K., Cantu, R. and Chalmers, D. (2002). Rugby Union Injuries to the Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord. Sports Medicine, 32(10), pp.633-653.
  • https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-australia-introduces-brainband-to-help-tackle-concussion-head-on